Sharing

2012年3月1日 星期四

Openstack Installation (Diablo Release)


參考這個網頁去安裝

http://docs.openstack.org/diablo/openstack-compute/install/content/index.html

Management Network (RFC1918 IP Range, not publicly routable): This network is utilized for all inter-server communications within the cloud infrastructure. Recommended size: 255 IPs (CIDR /24)

Public Network (Publicly routable IP range): This network is utilized for providing Public IP accessibility to the API endpoints within the cloud infrastructure. Minimum size: 8 IPs (CIDR /29)

VM Network (RFC1918 IP Range, not publicly routable): This network is utilized for providing primary IP addresses to the cloud instances. Recommended size: 1024 IPs (CIDR /22)

Floating IP network (Publicly routable IP Range): This network is utilized for providing Public IP accessibility to selected cloud instances. Minimum size: 16 IPs (CIDR /28)


Diablo Release 中新增加了 Keystone 及 horizon, 但剛 Release 時整合做的沒有很好, 老是會有一些怪怪的問題, 目前這篇的安裝寫的還滿清楚的, 也把一些問題解決了, 下面是我的安裝紀錄, 基本上都和網頁上的差不多, 在安裝之前, 請一定要修改一下 apt-get repository 的設定, 用原來 Ubuntu 提供的 package 可能會永遠裝不起來, 版號也會不相同

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo apt-get install python-software-properties
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:managedit/openstack
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo apt-get update
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo apt-get install -y managedit-openstack-pin

Keystone Installation

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo apt-get install keystone
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo apt-get install curl
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo rm /var/lib/keystone/keystone.db

# 中間會請你輸入  administrator 的密碼, 請記起來
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo apt-get install python-mysqldb mysql-server

都安裝好之後, 開始設定 mysql

# 之後這個  database 可能會需要讓其他機器存取, 所以要把 binding ip 改掉
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo sed -i 's/127.0.0.1/0.0.0.0/g' /etc/mysql/my.cnf
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ cat /etc/mysql/my.cnf | grep 0.0.0.0
bind-address            = 0.0.0.0

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo service mysql restart
mysql start/running, process 23775

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ mysql -u root -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 35
Server version: 5.1.58-1ubuntu1 (Ubuntu)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2010, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
This software comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. This is free software,
and you are welcome to modify and redistribute it under the GPL v2 license

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

# 製造一個  keyston 的 database
mysql> CREATE DATABASE keystone;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

# 讓 keystone 可以自由存取這個 database, 並且設定一組密碼
mysql> GRANT ALL ON keystone.* TO 'keystone'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> quit
Bye

接下來設定 keystone

# 把設定改一下
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo nano /etc/keystone/keystone.conf
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo cat /etc/keystone/keystone.conf | grep -A 10 backend
[sudo] password for wistor:
# Which backend store should Keystone use by default.
# Default: 'sqlite'
# Available choices are 'sqlite' [future will include LDAP, PAM, etc]
# 這裡看起來怪怪的, 已經改用了 mysql , 但他仍然是設定 sqlite, 先不要理它
default_store = sqlite

--
[keystone.backends.sqlalchemy]
# SQLAlchemy connection string for the reference implementation registry
# server. Any valid SQLAlchemy connection string is fine.
# See: http://bit.ly/ideIpI
# sql_connection = sqlite:////var/lib/keystone/keystone.db
# 這行才是重點, 其中要記得你剛剛在 mysql 內替  keystone 設定的密碼
sql_connection = mysql://keystone:password@172.16.123.6/keystone
backend_entities = ['UserRoleAssociation', 'Endpoints', 'Role', 'Tenant',
                    'User', 'Credentials', 'EndpointTemplates', 'Token',
                    'Service']


# 設定都設好之後, 記得把 configuration 的權限設定好
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo chown keystone /etc/keystone/keystone.conf
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo chmod 0640 /etc/keystone/keystone.conf
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ ll
total 16
drwxr-xr-x   2 root     root 4096 2012-02-23 15:55 ./
drwxr-xr-x 105 root     root 4096 2012-02-23 15:56 ../
-rw-r-----   1 keystone root 2741 2012-02-23 16:11 keystone.conf
-rw-r--r--   1 root     root  913 2012-01-05 20:31 logging.cnf
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo service keystone restart
keystone start/running, process 23893

接下來我們要把一些 tenant/user/role/token/service 都加進去

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage tenant add openstackDemo
SUCCESS: Tenant openstackDemo created.
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage tenant add adminTenant
SUCCESS: Tenant adminTenant created.
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage user add adminUser password
SUCCESS: User adminUser created.
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage user add demoUser password
SUCCESS: User demoUser created.
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage token add 11121314151617181920 adminUser adminTenant 2015-02-05T00:0
SUCCESS: Token 11121314151617181920 created.
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage role add Admin
SUCCESS: Role Admin created successfully.
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage role add Member
SUCCESS: Role Member created successfully.
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage role grant Admin adminUser
SUCCESS: Granted Admin the adminUser role on None.
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage role grant Member demoUser
SUCCESS: Granted Member the demoUser role on None.
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage role grant Admin adminUser openstackDemo
SUCCESS: Granted Admin the adminUser role on openstackDemo.
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ udo keystone-manage role grant Admin adminUser adminTenant
The program 'udo' is currently not installed.  You can install it by typing:
sudo apt-get install udo
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage role grant Admin adminUser adminTenant
SUCCESS: Granted Admin the adminUser role on adminTenant.
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage role grant Member demoUser openstackDemo
SUCCESS: Granted Member the demoUser role on openstackDemo.
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage service add nova compute "Nova Compute Service"
SUCCESS: Service nova created successfully.
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage service add glance image "Glance Image Service"
SUCCESS: Service glance created successfully.
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage service add keystone identity "Keystone Identity Service"
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage endpointTemplates add RegionOne nova http://172.16.123.6:8774/v1.1/%tenant_id% http://172.16.123.6:8774/v1.1/%tenant_id% http://172.16.123.6:8774/v1.1/%tenant_id% 1 1
SUCCESS: Created EndpointTemplates for nova pointing to http://172.16.123.6:8774/v1.1/%tenant_id%.
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage endpointTemplates add RegionOne glance http://172.16.123.6:9292/v1 http://172.16.123.6:9292/v1 http://172.16.123.6:9292/v1 1 1
SUCCESS: Created EndpointTemplates for glance pointing to http://172.16.123.6:9292/v1.
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage endpointTemplates add RegionOne keystone http://172.16.123.6:5000/v2.0 http://172.16.123.6:35357/v2.0 http://172.16.123.6:5000/v2.0 1 1
SUCCESS: Created EndpointTemplates for keystone pointing to http://172.16.123.6:5000/v2.0.
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage credentials add adminUser EC2 'password' adminTenant
SUCCESS: Credentials adminUser created.
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage credentials add demoUser EC2 'password' openstackDemo
SUCCESS: Credentials demoUser created.


都加好之後, 我們看一下設定有沒有正確
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ keystone-manage --version
keystone-manage 2011.3.1

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage tenant list
id      name    enabled
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1       openstackDemo   1
2       adminTenant     1

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage user list
id      name    enabled tenant
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1       adminUser       1       None
2       demoUser        1       None

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage role list
id      name
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1       Admin
2       Member

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage service list
id      name    type
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1       nova    compute
2       glance  image
3       keystone        identity

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage  endpointTemplates list
All EndpointTemplates
service region  Public URL
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
nova    RegionOne       http://172.16.123.6:8774/v1.1/%tenant_id%
glance  RegionOne       http://172.16.123.6:9292/v1
keystone        RegionOne       http://172.16.123.6:5000/v2.0

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo keystone-manage  token list
token   user    expiration      tenant
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
11121314151617181920    1       2015-02-05 00:00:00     2


利用 curl 測試一下

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ curl -d '{"auth": {"tenantName": "adminTenant", "passwordCredentials":{"username": "adminUser", "password": "password"}}}' -H "Content-type: application/json" http://172.16.123.6:35357/v2.0/tokens | python -mjson.tool
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100  1044  100   932  100   112  15248   1832 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 15533
{
    "access": {
        "serviceCatalog": [
            {
                "endpoints": [
                    {
                        "adminURL": "http://172.16.123.6:8774/v1.1/2",
                        "internalURL": "http://172.16.123.6:8774/v1.1/2",
                        "publicURL": "http://172.16.123.6:8774/v1.1/2",
                        "region": "RegionOne"
                    }
                ],
                "name": "nova",
                "type": "compute"
            },
            {
                "endpoints": [
                    {
                        "adminURL": "http://172.16.123.6:9292/v1",
                        "internalURL": "http://172.16.123.6:9292/v1",
                        "publicURL": "http://172.16.123.6:9292/v1",
                        "region": "RegionOne"
                    }
                ],
                "name": "glance",
                "type": "image"
            },
            {
                "endpoints": [
                    {
                        "adminURL": "http://172.16.123.6:35357/v2.0",
                        "internalURL": "http://172.16.123.6:5000/v2.0",
                        "publicURL": "http://172.16.123.6:5000/v2.0",
                        "region": "RegionOne"
                    }
                ],
                "name": "keystone",
                "type": "identity"
            }
        ],
        "token": {
            "expires": "2015-02-05T00:00:00",
            "id": "11121314151617181920",
            "tenant": {
                "id": "2",
                "name": "adminTenant"
            }
        },
        "user": {
            "id": "1",
            "name": "adminUser",
            "roles": [
                {
                    "id": "1",
                    "name": "Admin",
                    "tenantId": "2"
                },
                {
                    "id": "1",
                    "name": "Admin"
                }
            ]
        }
    }
}

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ curl -d '{"auth": {"tenantName": "openstackDemo", "passwordCredentials":{"username": "adminUser", "password": "password"}}}' -H "Content-type: application/json" http://172.16.123.6:35357/v2.0/tokens | python -mjson.tool
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100  1076  100   962  100   114  15747   1866 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 16033
{
    "access": {
        "serviceCatalog": [
            {
                "endpoints": [
                    {
                        "adminURL": "http://172.16.123.6:8774/v1.1/1",
                        "internalURL": "http://172.16.123.6:8774/v1.1/1",
                        "publicURL": "http://172.16.123.6:8774/v1.1/1",
                        "region": "RegionOne"
                    }
                ],
                "name": "nova",
                "type": "compute"
            },

            {
                "endpoints": [
                    {
                        "adminURL": "http://172.16.123.6:9292/v1",
                        "internalURL": "http://172.16.123.6:9292/v1",
                        "publicURL": "http://172.16.123.6:9292/v1",
                        "region": "RegionOne"
                    }
                ],
                "name": "glance",
                "type": "image"
            },
            {
                "endpoints": [
                    {
                        "adminURL": "http://172.16.123.6:35357/v2.0",
                        "internalURL": "http://172.16.123.6:5000/v2.0",
                        "publicURL": "http://172.16.123.6:5000/v2.0",
                        "region": "RegionOne"
                    }
                ],
                "name": "keystone",
                "type": "identity"
            }
        ],
        "token": {
            "expires": "2012-02-24T17:16:43.557972",
            "id": "89abab7f-c9ef-47fa-baf3-5bce1bc64037",
            "tenant": {
                "id": "1",
                "name": "openstackDemo"
            }
        },
        "user": {
            "id": "1",
            "name": "adminUser",
            "roles": [
                {
                    "id": "1",
                    "name": "Admin",
                    "tenantId": "1"
                },
                {
                    "id": "1",
                    "name": "Admin"
                }
            ]
        }
    }
}


Glance Installation

安裝 Glance 的 package
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo apt-get install glance
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  glance
0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 0 B/25.6 kB of archives.
After this operation, 229 kB of additional disk space will be used.
Selecting previously deselected package glance.
(Reading database ... 89936 files and directories currently installed.)
Unpacking glance (from .../glance_2011.3.1~20120117~1549-0mit1~22.gbp5e7c88_all.deb) ...
Processing triggers for ureadahead ...
Setting up glance (2011.3.1~20120117~1549-0mit1~22.gbp5e7c88) ...
Adding system user `glance' (UID 108) ...
Adding new user `glance' (UID 108) with group `glance' ...
Not creating home directory `/var/lib/glance'.
glance-api start/running, process 1299
glance-registry start/running, process 1323
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ glance --version
glance 2011.3.1-dev

設定一下 glance, 預設一樣是 sqlite, 改成 mysql
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ 
sudo rm /var/lib/glance/glance.sqlite
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ mysql -u root -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 45
Server version: 5.1.58-1ubuntu1 (Ubuntu)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2010, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
This software comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. This is free software,
and you are welcome to modify and redistribute it under the GPL v2 license

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> CREATE DATABASE glance;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> GRANT ALL ON glance.* TO 'glance'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> quit
Bye


再來設定 glance 三個設定檔, 要修改的有 pipeline 及 token id, database 也要改成 mysql
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo nano /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo less /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf | grep -A 10 pipe
[pipeline:glance-registry]
# pipeline = context registryapp
# NOTE: use the following pipeline for keystone
##############  修改這個 #####################
pipeline = authtoken auth-context registryapp

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo less /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf | grep -A 20 filter:authtoken
[filter:authtoken]
paste.filter_factory = keystone.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory
service_protocol = http
service_host = 127.0.0.1
service_port = 5000
auth_host = 127.0.0.1
auth_port = 35357
auth_protocol = http
auth_uri = http://127.0.0.1:5000/
##############  修改這個 #####################
admin_token = 11121314151617181920

[filter:auth-context]
##############  修改這個 #####################
context_class = glance.registry.context.RequestContext
paste.filter_factory = keystone.middleware.glance_auth_token:filter_factory


wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo less /etc/glance/glance-registry.conf | grep sql
# See: http://www.sqlalchemy.org/docs/05/reference/sqlalchemy/connections.html#sqlalchemy.create_engine
# sql_connection = sqlite:////var/lib/glance/glance.sqlite
##############  修改這個 #####################
sql_connection = mysql://glance:password@172.16.123.6/glance
sql_idle_timeout = 3600


wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo nano /etc/glance/glance-api.conf
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo less /etc/glance/glance-api.conf | grep -A 10 pipe
[pipeline:glance-api]
# pipeline = versionnegotiation context apiv1app
# NOTE: use the following pipeline for keystone
# pipeline = versionnegotiation authtoken auth-context apiv1app

# To enable Image Cache Management API replace pipeline with below:
# pipeline = versionnegotiation context imagecache apiv1app
# NOTE: use the following pipeline for keystone auth (with caching)
# pipeline = versionnegotiation authtoken auth-context imagecache apiv1app

##############  修改這個 #####################
# 注意: auth-context 這個 tag 要和最後定義的一樣, 網頁上是改成 keystone-shim, 和預設的不一樣
pipeline = versionnegotiation authtoken auth-context apiv1app


wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo less /etc/glance/glance-api.conf | grep -A 20 filter:authtoken
[filter:authtoken]
paste.filter_factory = keystone.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory
service_protocol = http
service_host = 127.0.0.1
service_port = 5000
auth_host = 127.0.0.1
auth_port = 35357
auth_protocol = http
auth_uri = http://127.0.0.1:5000/
##############  修改這個 #####################
admin_token = 11121314151617181920

[filter:auth-context]
##############  修改這個 #####################
context_class = glance.registry.context.RequestContext
paste.filter_factory = keystone.middleware.glance_auth_token:filter_factory



wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo nano /etc/glance/glance-scrubber.conf
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo less /etc/glance/glance-scrubber.conf | grep -A 10 SQLAlchemy
# SQLAlchemy connection string for the reference implementation
# registry server. Any valid SQLAlchemy connection string is fine.
# See: http://www.sqlalchemy.org/docs/05/reference/sqlalchemy/connections.html#sqlalchemy.create_engine
##############  修改這個 #####################
# sql_connection = sqlite:////var/lib/glance/glance.sqlite
sql_connection = mysql://glance:password@172.16.123.6/glance


wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo restart glance-registry
glance-registry start/running, process 3874
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo restart glance-api
glance-api start/running, process 3878
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$

設定一些環境變數
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ mkdir ~/creds
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo nano ~/creds/openrc
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ cat ~/creds/openrc
export NOVA_USERNAME=adminUser
export NOVA_PROJECT_ID=openstackDemo
export NOVA_PASSWORD=password
export NOVA_API_KEY=${NOVA_PASSWORD}
export NOVA_URL=http://172.16.123.6:5000/v2.0/
export NOVA_VERSION=1.1
export NOVA_REGION_NAME=RegionOne

export OS_AUTH_USER=${NOVA_USERNAME}
export OS_AUTH_KEY=${NOVA_PASSWORD}
export OS_AUTH_TENANT=${NOVA_PROJECT_ID}
export OS_AUTH_URL=${NOVA_URL}
export OS_AUTH_STRATEGY=keystone

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ source ~/creds/openrc
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ echo ${OS_AUTH_USER}
adminUser


接下來就是驗証的時間, 我們先和 keystone 拿一個可用的 token , 然後用這個 token 進入 glance 去看它有沒有 image

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ curl -d '{"auth": {"tenantName": "openstackDemo", "passwordCredentials":{"username": "adminUser", "password": "password"}}}' -H "Content-type: application/json" http://172.16.123.6:35357/v2.0/tokens | python -mjson.tool
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100  1069  100   955  100   114  15158   1809 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:-- 15403
{
    "access": {
        "serviceCatalog": [
            {
                "endpoints": [
                    {
                        "adminURL": "http://172.16.123.6:8774/v1.1/1",
                        "internalURL": "http://172.16.123.6:8774/v1.1/1",
                        "publicURL": "http://172.16.123.6:8774/v1.1/1",
                        "region": "RegionOne"
                    }
                ],
                "name": "nova",
                "type": "compute"
            },
            {
                "endpoints": [
                    {
                        "adminURL": "http://172.16.123.6:9292/v1",
                        "internalURL": "http://172.16.123.6:9292/v1",
                        "publicURL": "http://172.16.123.6:9292/v1",
                        "region": "RegionOne"
                    }
                ],
                "name": "glance",
                "type": "image"
            },
            {
                "endpoints": [
                    {
                        "adminURL": "http://172.16.123.6:35357/v2.0",
                        "internalURL": "http://172.16.123.6:5000/v2.0",
                        "publicURL": "http://172.16.123.6:5000/v2.0",
                        "region": "RegionOne"
                    }
                ],
                "name": "keystone",
                "type": "identity"
            }
            }
        ],
        "token": {
            "expires": "2012-03-01T15:20:10",
            "id": "ff7984c9-9226-46b4-beb9-029710f69b0d",
            "tenant": {
                "id": "1",
                "name": "openstackDemo"
            }
        },
        "user": {
            "id": "1",
            "name": "adminUser",
            "roles": [
                {
                    "id": "1",
                    "name": "Admin",
                    "tenantId": "1"
                },
                {
                    "id": "1",
                    "name": "Admin"
                }
            ]
        }
    }
}

# 用我們拿到的 token id 
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ glance details -A ff7984c9-9226-46b4-beb9-029710f69b0d

# 因為沒有 image, 所以沒有資訊
# 但如果 glance 或是 keystone 沒有設定好的話, 你可能會看到以下訊息
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo glance details -A ff7984c9-9226-46b4-beb9-029710f69b0d
Failed to show details. Got error:
Internal Server error: Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/eventlet/wsgi.py", line 336, in handle_one_response
    result = self.application(self.environ, start_response)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/webob/dec.py", line 147, in __call__
    resp = self.call_func(req, *args, **self.kwargs)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/webob/dec.py", line 208, in call_func
    return self.func(req, *args, **kwargs)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/glance/common/wsgi.py", line 113, in __call__
    response = req.get_response(self.application)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/webob/request.py", line 1053, in get_response
    application, catch_exc_info=False)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/webob/request.py", line 1022, in call_application
    app_iter = application(self.environ, start_response)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/webob/dec.py", line 147, in __call__
    resp = self.call_func(req, *args, **self.kwargs)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/webob/dec.py", line 208, in call_func
    return self.func(req, *args, **kwargs)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/glance/common/wsgi.py", line 110, in __call__
    response = self.process_request(req)
  File "/usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/glance/common/context.py", line 104, in process_request
    raise exception.NotAuthorized()
NotAuthorized: None



Nova Installation
  • You need an LVM volume group called "nova-volumes" to provide persistent storage to guest VMs. Either create this during the installation or leave some free space to create it prior to installing nova services.
  • 192.168.100.0/24 as the fixed range for our guest VMs, connected to the host via br100.

先設定一下網路

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ cat /etc/network/interfaces
auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

auto eth0
iface eth0 inet static
    address 172.16.123.6
    netmask 255.255.0.0
    gateway 172.16.1.254

# Bridge network interface for VM networks
auto br100
iface br100 inet static
address 192.168.100.1
netmask 255.255.255.0
bridge_stp off
bridge_fd 0
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo apt-get install bridge-utils
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo brctl addbr br100
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo /etc/init.d/networking restart


設定一下 mysql

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ mysql -u root -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 54
Server version: 5.1.58-1ubuntu1 (Ubuntu)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2010, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
This software comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. This is free software,
and you are welcome to modify and redistribute it under the GPL v2 license

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> CREATE DATABASE nova;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> GRANT ALL ON nova.* TO 'nova'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY
    ->         'password';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> quit


其中我們沒有裝 nova-objectstore, 因為要使用 glance
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo apt-get install rabbitmq-server
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo apt-get install nova-compute nova-volume nova-vncproxy nova-api nova-ajax-console-proxy nova-doc nova-scheduler nova-network
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo apt-get install -y unzip
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo apt-get install -y euca2ools

nova 可以設定的東西很多, 這個指令可以看到所有的說明
nova-api --help
首先先設定 nova.conf

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo cat /etc/nova/nova.conf
[sudo] password for wistor:
# DATABASE
--sql_connection=mysql://nova:password@172.16.123.6/nova

# LOGS/STATE
--verbose
--dhcpbridge_flagfile=/etc/nova/nova.conf
--dhcpbridge=/usr/bin/nova-dhcpbridge
--logdir=/var/log/nova
--state_path=/var/lib/nova
--lock_path=/var/lock/nova

# RABBITMQ
--rabbit_password=guest
--rabbit_port=5672
--rabbit_host=172.16.123.6

# SCHEDULER
--scheduler_driver=nova.scheduler.simple.SimpleScheduler

# NETWORK
--network_manager=nova.network.manager.FlatDHCPManager
--fixed_range=192.168.100.0/24
# 這行經查証後沒有用
--flat_network_dhcp_start=192.168.100.2   
--public_interface=eth0
--flat_interface=eth0
--flat_network_bridge=br100

# GLANCE
--image_service=nova.image.glance.GlanceImageService
--glance_api_servers=172.16.123.6:9292

# COMPUTE
--compute_manager=nova.compute.manager.ComputeManager
--libvirt_type=qemu

# VNCPROXY
--vncproxy_url=http://172.16.123.6:6080
--vncproxy_wwwroot=/var/lib/nova/noVNC

# MISC
--use_deprecated_auth=false
--allow_admin_api=true
--enable_zone_routing=true

# KEYSTONE
--keystone_ec2_url=http://172.16.123.6:5000/v2.0/ec2tokens


再來設定 api-paste.ini, 把 authentication 的部份都換成 keystone

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo cat /etc/nova/api-paste.ini
#######
# EC2 #
#######

[composite:ec2]
use = egg:Paste#urlmap
/: ec2versions
/services/Cloud: ec2cloud
/services/Admin: ec2admin
/latest: ec2metadata
/2007-01-19: ec2metadata
/2007-03-01: ec2metadata
/2007-08-29: ec2metadata
/2007-10-10: ec2metadata
/2007-12-15: ec2metadata
/2008-02-01: ec2metadata
/2008-09-01: ec2metadata
/2009-04-04: ec2metadata
/1.0: ec2metadata

[pipeline:ec2cloud]
# pipeline = logrequest ec2noauth cloudrequest authorizer ec2executor
# NOTE(vish): use the following pipeline for deprecated auth
# pipeline = logrequest authenticate cloudrequest authorizer ec2executor
##############  修改這個 #####################
pipeline = logrequest totoken authtoken keystonecontext cloudrequest authorizer ec2executor

[pipeline:ec2admin]
# pipeline = logrequest ec2noauth adminrequest authorizer ec2executor
# NOTE(vish): use the following pipeline for deprecated auth
# pipeline = logrequest authenticate adminrequest authorizer ec2executor
pipeline = logrequest totoken authtoken keystonecontext adminrequest authorizer ec2executor

[pipeline:ec2metadata]
pipeline = logrequest ec2md

[pipeline:ec2versions]
pipeline = logrequest ec2ver

[filter:logrequest]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.ec2:RequestLogging.factory

[filter:ec2lockout]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.ec2:Lockout.factory

##############  修改這個 #####################
[filter:totoken]
paste.filter_factory = keystone.middleware.ec2_token:EC2Token.factory

[filter:ec2noauth]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.ec2:NoAuth.factory

[filter:authenticate]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.ec2:Authenticate.factory

[filter:cloudrequest]
controller = nova.api.ec2.cloud.CloudController
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.ec2:Requestify.factory
[filter:adminrequest]
controller = nova.api.ec2.admin.AdminController
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.ec2:Requestify.factory

[filter:authorizer]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.ec2:Authorizer.factory

[app:ec2executor]
paste.app_factory = nova.api.ec2:Executor.factory

[app:ec2ver]
paste.app_factory = nova.api.ec2:Versions.factory

[app:ec2md]
paste.app_factory = nova.api.ec2.metadatarequesthandler:MetadataRequestHandler.factory

#############
# Openstack #
#############

[composite:osapi]
use = egg:Paste#urlmap
/: osversions
/v1.0: openstackapi10
/v1.1: openstackapi11

[pipeline:openstackapi10]
# pipeline = faultwrap noauth ratelimit osapiapp10
# NOTE(vish): use the following pipeline for deprecated auth
# pipeline = faultwrap auth ratelimit osapiapp10
##############  修改這個 #####################
pipeline = faultwrap authtoken keystonecontext ratelimit osapiapp10

[pipeline:openstackapi11]
# pipeline = faultwrap noauth ratelimit extensions osapiapp11
# NOTE(vish): use the following pipeline for deprecated auth
# pipeline = faultwrap auth ratelimit extensions osapiapp11
##############  修改這個 #####################
pipeline = faultwrap authtoken keystonecontext ratelimit extensions osapiapp11


[filter:faultwrap]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.openstack:FaultWrapper.factory

[filter:auth]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.openstack.auth:AuthMiddleware.factory

[filter:noauth]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.openstack.auth:NoAuthMiddleware.factory

[filter:ratelimit]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.openstack.limits:RateLimitingMiddleware.factory

[filter:extensions]
paste.filter_factory = nova.api.openstack.extensions:ExtensionMiddleware.factory

[app:osapiapp10]
paste.app_factory = nova.api.openstack:APIRouterV10.factory

[app:osapiapp11]
paste.app_factory = nova.api.openstack:APIRouterV11.factory

[pipeline:osversions]
pipeline = faultwrap osversionapp

[app:osversionapp]
paste.app_factory = nova.api.openstack.versions:Versions.factory

##########
# Shared #
##########
##############  修改這個 #####################
[filter:keystonecontext]
paste.filter_factory = keystone.middleware.nova_keystone_context:NovaKeystoneContext.factory

##############  修改這個 #####################
[filter:authtoken]
paste.filter_factory = keystone.middleware.auth_token:filter_factory
service_protocol = http
service_host = 172.16.123.6
service_port = 5000
auth_host = 172.16.123.6
auth_port = 35357
auth_protocol = http
auth_uri = http://172.16.123.6:5000/v2.0/
admin_token = 11121314151617181920


設定好了之後, 稍微再確認一下設定檔的權限, 把資料庫建起來, 然後就重啟 nova,
nova 的 restart script 有問題, 所以最好先 stop 再 start , 不然會遇到無法 restart 的狀況
如果有遇到無法啟動的狀況可以看看 /var/log/nova/ 裡面的 log

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo groupadd nova
groupadd: group 'nova' already exists
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo usermod -g nova nova
usermod: no changes
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo chown -R root:nova /etc/nova
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo chmod 640 /etc/nova/nova.conf
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo nova-manage db sync

sudo stop nova-api
sudo stop nova-compute
sudo stop nova-network
sudo stop nova-scheduler
sudo stop nova-vncproxy
sudo stop libvirt-bin
sudo /etc/init.d/rabbitmq-server stop

sudo start nova-api
sudo start nova-compute
sudo start nova-network
sudo start nova-scheduler
sudo start nova-vncproxy
sudo start libvirt-bin
sudo /etc/init.d/rabbitmq-server start


wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo nova-manage network create private --multi_host=T --fixed_range_v4=192.168.100.0/24 --num_networks=1 --network_size=256

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo nova-manage service list
Binary           Host                                 Zone             Status     State Updated_At
nova-vncproxy    wistor-dev-6                         nova             enabled    :-)   2012-02-29 09:35:16
nova-compute     wistor-dev-6                         nova             enabled    :-)   2012-02-29 09:35:17
nova-scheduler   wistor-dev-6                         nova             enabled    :-)   2012-02-29 09:35:16
nova-network     wistor-dev-6                         nova             enabled    :-)   2012-02-29 09:35:16
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo nova-manage version list
2011.3.1 (2011.3.1-LOCALBRANCH:LOCALREVISION)

# 因為 user/project 都和 keystone 取代了, 所以暫時是空的
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~/creds$ sudo nova-manage project list
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~/creds$ sudo nova-manage user list




Image Upload

按照網頁先上傳一個最簡單的 image

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ mkdir stackimages
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ wget -c http://images.ansolabs.com/tty.tgz -O stackimages/tty.tgz
--2012-02-29 17:46:34--  http://images.ansolabs.com/tty.tgz
Resolving images.ansolabs.com... 173.203.89.94
Connecting to images.ansolabs.com|173.203.89.94|:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 23717804 (23M) [text/plain]
Saving to: `stackimages/tty.tgz'

100%[==============================================================================>] 23,717,804  3.51M/s   in 8.4s

2012-02-29 17:46:44 (2.68 MB/s) - `stackimages/tty.tgz' saved [23717804/23717804]

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo tar -zxf stackimages/tty.tgz -C stackimages
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ cd stackimages/
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~/stackimages$ ls
aki-tty  ami-tty  ari-tty  tty.tgz
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~/stackimages$ ll
total 23184
drwxrwxr-x  5 wistor wistor     4096 2012-02-29 17:46 ./
drwxr-xr-x 14 wistor wistor     4096 2012-02-29 17:46 ../
drwxr-xr-x  2    501 staff      4096 2011-01-12 08:49 aki-tty/
drwxr-xr-x  2    501 staff      4096 2011-02-04 09:48 ami-tty/
drwxr-xr-x  2    501 staff      4096 2011-01-12 08:49 ari-tty/
-rw-rw-r--  1 wistor wistor 23717804 2011-02-04 09:48 tty.tgz

# 先和 keystone 要一個 token
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ curl -d '{"auth":{"passwordCredentials":{"username": "adminUser", "password": "password"}}}' -H "Content-type: application/json" http://172.16.123.6:35357/v2.0/tokens | python -mjson.tool
  % Total    % Received % Xferd  Average Speed   Time    Time     Time  Current
                                 Dload  Upload   Total   Spent    Left  Speed
100   275  100   193  100    82   4122   1751 --:--:-- --:--:-- --:--:--  4195
{
    "access": {
        "token": {
            "expires": "2012-03-01T17:47:59.207984",
            "id": "4bf447ea-0a05-494e-b145-a46a0a7bea42"
        },
        "user": {
            "id": "1",
            "name": "adminUser",
            "roles": [
                {
                    "id": "1",
                    "name": "Admin"
                }
            ]
        }
    }
}

# 利用這個  token 來塞進 image
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo glance add -A 4bf447ea-0a05-494e-b145-a46a0a7bea42 name="tty-kernel" is_public=true container_format=aki disk_format=aki < stackimages/aki-tty/image
Added new image with ID: 1
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo glance add -A 4bf447ea-0a05-494e-b145-a46a0a7bea42 name="tty-ramdisk" is_public=true container_format=ari disk_format=ari < stackimages/ari-tty/image
Added new image with ID: 2

# kernel id 及 ramdisk id 要看前兩個指令傳回的訊息
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo glance add -A 4bf447ea-0a05-494e-b145-a46a0a7bea42 name="tty" is_public=true container_format=ami disk_format=ami kernel_id=1 ramdisk_id=2 < stackimages/ami-tty/image
Added new image with ID: 3

# 塞進去後看一下結果
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ glance -A ff7984c9-9226-46b4-beb9-029710f69b0d index                                             ID               Name                           Disk Format          Container Format     Size
---------------- ------------------------------ -------------------- -------------------- --------------
3                tty                            ami                  ami                        25165824
2                tty-ramdisk                    ari                  ari                         5882349
1                tty-kernel                     aki                  aki                         4404752

# 事實上我們可以發現這些  image 是存放在 /var/lib/glance/images, 未來如果有和 swift 整合, 應該會換地方
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ ll /var/lib/glance/images
total 34636
drwxr-xr-x 2 glance glance     4096 2012-02-29 17:50 ./
drwxr-xr-x 4 glance glance     4096 2012-02-29 15:12 ../
-rw-rw-r-- 1 glance glance  4404752 2012-02-29 17:50 1
-rw-rw-r-- 1 glance glance  5882349 2012-02-29 17:50 2
-rw-rw-r-- 1 glance glance 25165824 2012-02-29 17:50 3


Horizon Installation

其實我有些看不懂為什麼還要裝 git, 可能是因為 Horizon 還在開發中吧~ 所以過程中可能會用 git 抓一些 source 回來

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo apt-get install git-core
[sudo] password for wistor:
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  git-core
0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 1,384 B of archives.
After this operation, 28.7 kB of additional disk space will be used.
Get:1 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu/ oneiric/main git-core all 1:1.7.5.4-1 [1,384 B]
Fetched 1,384 B in 0s (2,152 B/s)
Selecting previously deselected package git-core.
(Reading database ... 97954 files and directories currently installed.)
Unpacking git-core (from .../git-core_1%3a1.7.5.4-1_all.deb) ...
Setting up git-core (1:1.7.5.4-1) ...
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo apt-get install -y libapache2-mod-wsgi
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree
Reading state information... Done
The following NEW packages will be installed:
  libapache2-mod-wsgi
0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Need to get 0 B/133 kB of archives.
After this operation, 426 kB of additional disk space will be used.
Selecting previously deselected package libapache2-mod-wsgi.
(Reading database ... 97860 files and directories currently installed.)
Unpacking libapache2-mod-wsgi (from .../libapache2-mod-wsgi_3.3-2ubuntu3_amd64.deb) ...
Setting up libapache2-mod-wsgi (3.3-2ubuntu3) ...
 * Restarting web server apache2
apache2: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using 172.16.123.6 for ServerName
apache2: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using 172.16.123.6 for ServerName
   ...done.
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo apt-get install -y openstack-dashboard openstackx python-sqlite
Setting up openstack-dashboard (2011.3+20120121~1341-0mit1~21.gbp510894) ...
INFO:root:Running in debug mode without debug_toolbar.
INFO:root:Running in debug mode without debug_toolbar.
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.000)
            SELECT name FROM sqlite_master
            WHERE type='table' AND NOT name='sqlite_sequence'
            ORDER BY name; args=()
Creating tables ...
Creating table django_content_type
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.088) CREATE TABLE "django_content_type" (
    "id" integer NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY,
    "name" varchar(100) NOT NULL,
    "app_label" varchar(100) NOT NULL,
    "model" varchar(100) NOT NULL,
    UNIQUE ("app_label", "model")
)
;; args=()
Creating table django_session
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.067) CREATE TABLE "django_session" (
    "session_key" varchar(40) NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY,
    "session_data" text NOT NULL,
    "expire_date" datetime NOT NULL
)
;; args=()
Creating table mailer_message
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.048) CREATE TABLE "mailer_message" (
    "id" integer NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY,
    "message_data" text NOT NULL,
    "when_added" datetime NOT NULL,
    "priority" varchar(1) NOT NULL
Creating table mailer_dontsendentry
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.077) CREATE TABLE "mailer_dontsendentry" (
    "id" integer NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY,
    "to_address" varchar(75) NOT NULL,
    "when_added" datetime NOT NULL
)
;; args=()
Creating table mailer_messagelog
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.047) CREATE TABLE "mailer_messagelog" (
    "id" integer NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY,
    "message_data" text NOT NULL,
    "when_added" datetime NOT NULL,
    "priority" varchar(1) NOT NULL,
    "when_attempted" datetime NOT NULL,
    "result" varchar(1) NOT NULL,
    "log_message" text NOT NULL
)
;; args=()
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.000) SELECT "django_content_type"."id", "django_content_type"."name", "django_content_type"."app_label", "django_content_type"."model" FROM "django_content_type" WHERE "django_content_type"."app_label" = contenttypes  ORDER BY "django_content_type"."name" ASC; args=('contenttypes',)
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.000) SELECT "django_content_type"."id", "django_content_type"."name", "django_content_type"."app_label", "django_content_type"."model" FROM "django_content_type" WHERE ("django_content_type"."model" = contenttype  AND "django_content_type"."app_label" = contenttypes ); args=('contenttype', 'contenttypes')
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.000) INSERT INTO "django_content_type" ("name", "app_label", "model") VALUES (content type, contenttypes, contenttype); args=(u'content type', 'contenttypes', 'contenttype')
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.000) SELECT "django_content_type"."id", "django_content_type"."name", "django_content_type"."app_label", "django_content_type"."model" FROM "django_content_type" WHERE "django_content_type"."app_label" = sessions  ORDER BY "django_content_type"."name" ASC; args=('sessions',)
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.000) SELECT "django_content_type"."id", "django_content_type"."name", "django_content_type"."app_label", "django_content_type"."model" FROM "django_content_type" WHERE ("django_content_type"."model" = session  AND "django_content_type"."app_label" = sessions ); args=('session', 'sessions')
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.000) INSERT INTO "django_content_type" ("name", "app_label", "model") VALUES (session, sessions, session); args=(u'session', 'sessions', 'session')
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.000) SELECT "django_content_type"."id", "django_content_type"."name", "django_content_type"."app_label", "django_content_type"."model" FROM "django_content_type" WHERE "django_content_type"."app_label" = messages  ORDER BY "django_content_type"."name" ASC; args=('messages',)
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.000) SELECT "django_content_type"."id", "django_content_type"."name", "django_content_type"."app_label", "django_content_type"."model" FROM "django_content_type" WHERE "django_content_type"."app_label" = staticfiles  ORDER BY "django_content_type"."name" ASC; args=('staticfiles',)
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.000) SELECT "django_content_type"."id", "django_content_type"."name", "django_content_type"."app_label", "django_content_type"."model" FROM "django_content_type" WHERE "django_content_type"."app_label" = django_openstack  ORDER BY "django_content_type"."name" ASC; args=('django_openstack',)
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.000) SELECT "django_content_type"."id", "django_content_type"."name", "django_content_type"."app_label", "django_content_type"."model" FROM "django_content_type" WHERE "django_content_type"."app_label" = mailer  ORDER BY "django_content_type"."name" ASC; args=('mailer',)
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.000) SELECT "django_content_type"."id", "django_content_type"."name", "django_content_type"."app_label", "django_content_type"."model" FROM "django_content_type" WHERE ("django_content_type"."model" = message  AND "django_content_type"."app_label" = mailer ); args=('message', 'mailer')
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.000) INSERT INTO "django_content_type" ("name", "app_label", "model") VALUES (message, mailer, message); args=(u'message', 'mailer', 'message')
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.000) SELECT "django_content_type"."id", "django_content_type"."name", "django_content_type"."app_label", "django_content_type"."model" FROM "django_content_type" WHERE ("django_content_type"."model" = dontsendentry  AND "django_content_type"."app_label" = mailer ); args=('dontsendentry', 'mailer')
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.000) INSERT INTO "django_content_type" ("name", "app_label", "model") VALUES (don't send entry, mailer, dontsendentry); args=(u"don't send entry", 'mailer', 'dontsendentry')
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.000) SELECT "django_content_type"."id", "django_content_type"."name", "django_content_type"."app_label", "django_content_type"."model" FROM "django_content_type" WHERE ("django_content_type"."model" = messagelog  AND "django_content_type"."app_label" = mailer ); args=('messagelog', 'mailer')
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.000) INSERT INTO "django_content_type" ("name", "app_label", "model") VALUES (message log, mailer, messagelog); args=(u'message log', 'mailer', 'messagelog')
Installing custom SQL ...
Installing indexes ...
DEBUG:django.db.backends:(0.057) CREATE INDEX "django_session_c25c2c28" ON "django_session" ("expire_date");; args=()
No fixtures found.
 * Reloading web server config apache2
apache2: Could not reliably determine the server's fully qualified domain name, using 172.16.123.6 for ServerName
   ...done.
Setting up libsqlite0 (2.8.17-6.1ubuntu1) ...
Setting up openstackx (0.2+20120117~1437-0mit1~25.gbp53fd61) ...
Setting up python-sqlite (1.0.1-8) ...
Processing triggers for libc-bin ...
ldconfig deferred processing now taking place
Processing triggers for python-support ...

接下來設定 mysql, 新增 database
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ mysql -u root -p
Enter password:
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 175
Server version: 5.1.58-1ubuntu1 (Ubuntu)

Copyright (c) 2000, 2010, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
This software comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY. This is free software,
and you are welcome to modify and redistribute it under the GPL v2 license

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.


mysql> CREATE DATABASE dash;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> GRANT ALL ON dash.* TO 'dash'@'%' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)


然後修改 /etc/openstack-dashboard/local_settings.py, 經過觀察,
發現修改過設定最後會同步到 /usr/share/openstack-dashboard/local/local_settings.py

root@wistor-dev-6:/# find . | grep local_settings
./etc/openstack-dashboard/local_settings.py
./usr/share/openstack-dashboard/local/local_settings.py
./usr/share/openstack-dashboard/local/local_settings.pyc
./usr/share/openstack-dashboard/local/local_settings.py.example


wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo less /etc/openstack-dashboard/local_settings.py | grep -A 10 DATABASE
# DATABASES = {
#     'default': {
#         'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.sqlite3',
#        'NAME': '/var/lib/openstack-dashboard/dashboard_openstack.sqlite',
#    },
# }
# 修改這個 database 設定, 變成 mysql

DATABASES = {
    'default': {
        'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.mysql',
        'NAME': 'dash',
        'USER': 'dash',
        'PASSWORD': 'password',
        'HOST': 'localhost',
        'default-character-set': 'utf8'
    },
}

wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
wistor@wistor-dev-6:~$ sudo restart nova-api


接下來只要直接連到 http://172.16.123.6 就會看到畫面, 帳號密碼是之前在 keystone 設定的 adminUser/password 及 demoUser/password


13 則留言:

Juvisy 提到...

你好:
我想參考您的文章安裝新版的openstack 但是在sudo add-apt-repository -y ppa:managedit/openstack
此步驟及發生錯誤
在一番探查後發現有人也有此問題
http://neo4.cc.kyushu-u.ac.jp/index.php/UBIM#0305
不知道有何方法可解決??
如果使用sudo add-apt-repository ppa:openstack-release/2011.2
不知道會不會發生您說的與目前ubuntu套件產生不合的現象
我是初學者對於這些東西還不熟還請您回答,謝謝

Pjack Chen 提到...

之前使用 2011.2 去安裝, 但總會遇到一堆設定不合的問題, 所以才改成使用 managedit, 狀況就少很多. 根據 openstack 網站上的說明, managedit 只支援 Ubuntu 11.10 oneiric, 你要不要試試把 lucid 升級到 oneiric 再試試?

Juvisy 提到...

感謝回覆,那我就先換成Ubuntu 11.10 oneiric試試看好了。
謝謝

Juvisy 提到...

使用您的範例成功了,非常感謝您。
從您的文章中學到很多,希望還能看到更多相關文章~有問題的話還希望能向您請教!

PS:最後dashboard那邊少了幾個同步資料庫的步驟。不過我已經參考官方說明裝好。謝謝喔!

Juvisy 提到...
作者已經移除這則留言。
Juvisy 提到...

你好:
我想請問您是否知道如果要上傳windows的img檔,要如何使用glance add 的指令加入、註冊(在ramdisk與kernel部分要如何設定)

此外,如果要使用euca指令,是否可按照傳統作法產生EC2的key還是可以直接在openrc中添加??

謝謝回答

Pjack Chen 提到...

抱歉, 我沒有上傳過 windows 的 image 檔, 沒有辦法回答你這個問題, 至於要使用 ec2 指令的話, 我都是用傳統方式生成 key, 還沒試過其它方式.

Juvisy 提到...

你好:
那我想請問一下,你利用傳統方式生成 key的話,使用者與專案名稱是另外設定的嗎?還是像範例一樣是使用adminUser這些設定?
因為我到資料庫裡看,直接在keystone中設定的話,似乎這些設定不會出現。
怕如果利用傳統方式設定時,萬一使用者名稱與專案名稱相同會造成nova混亂,因此想再請教一下。

謝謝

Pjack Chen 提到...

我使用的方式是參照這份來生成 key
http://docs.openstack.org/diablo/openstack-compute/starter/content/Nova_conf-d2s367.html

我個人的理解是這樣的操作方式是直接和 nova 溝通, 而沒有透過 keystone 做認証, 最明顯的證據就是如果你直接進 nova 的 database 看, 會發現 user 這個 table 會因此多了一個帳號, 而 keystone 的 database 卻沒有變化. 我在這篇紀錄文中有輸入過一個指令 "sudo nova-manage user list", 當時沒有得到任何回應, 原因也是因為 adminUser/demoUser 都是建立在 keystone 之中, 而不是在 nova 之中


我和你一樣也同樣擔心是否會造成混亂, 但這點除非對 nova 有更深入的了解, 我也沒法肯定回答, 只是之前我這樣的操作並沒有造成任何問題, 再來是 euca 的操作其實和 nova-manage 是在同一層次, 所以我感覺應該是不會有問題的.

PS.隨著 nova-manage 提供的功能越來越齊全, 很多都不必再透過 euca tool. 這樣的存取方式, 我覺得這只是為了未來方便大家從 amazon 轉換過來而留下, 正規應該還是儘量用 nova-manage

Juvisy 提到...

感謝你的回答,因為原本我的認知是為了不破壞原本amazon的架構,可以方便使用者不用額外學習新指令。但看來似乎openstack 要漸漸開始走自己的路線了。

謝謝

Juvisy 提到...

您好:
依照您所給的網頁,我試著操作過一遍。但是使用euca-*等指令似乎都會出現syntax error
None: None

雖然試圖以其他方式修改nova.conf、novarc的作法突破,但好像沒有什麼成效

不知道可否提供您成功的這兩個檔案讓我參考,謝謝

Juvisy 提到...

抱歉,忘了留下我的連絡方式:
e-mail
wowraiha@yahoo.com.tw
謝謝

Pjack Chen 提到...

請參考這篇, 我原本的說明是錯的, 還是要透過 keystone 做認証
http://pjack1981.blogspot.com/2012/04/openstack-installation-diablo-release.html